Impact of deep learning-based reconstruction on non-contrast head CT image quality


Company: AlgoMedica Product: PixelShine

Assessment of image quality and impact of deep learning‑based software in non‑contrast head CT scans

Scientific reports, 2024


In this retrospective study, we aimed to assess the objective and subjective image quality of different reconstruction techniques and a deep learning-based software on non-contrast head computed tomography (CT) images. In total, 152 adult head CT scans (77 female, 75 male; mean age 69.4 ± 18.3 years) obtained from three different CT scanners using different protocols between March and April 2021 were included. CT images were reconstructed using filtered-back projection (FBP), iterative reconstruction (IR), and post-processed using a deep learning-based algorithm (PS). Post-processing significantly reduced noise in FBP-reconstructed images (up to 15.4% reduction) depending on the protocol, leading to improvements in signal-to-noise ratio of up to 19.7%. However, when deep learning-based post-processing was applied to FBP images compared to IR alone, the differences were inconsistent and partly non-significant, which appeared to be protocol or site specific. Subjective assessments showed no significant overall improvement in image quality for all reconstructions and post-processing. Inter-rater reliability was low and preferences varied. Deep learning-based denoising software improved objective image quality compared to FBP in routine head CT. A significant difference compared to IR was observed for only one protocol. Subjective assessments did not indicate a significant clinical impact in terms of improved subjective image quality, likely due to the low noise levels in full-dose images.

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