Detection of mass effect and vasogenic edema on head CT using AI


Company: Product: Annalise Enterprise CTB

Evaluation of an artificial intelligence model for identification of mass effect and vasogenic edema on computed tomography of the head

American Journal of Neuroradiology, 2024


Background and purpose:

Mass effect and vasogenic edema are critical findings on CT of the head. This study compared the accuracy of an artificial intelligence model (Annalise Enterprise CTB) to consensus neuroradiologist interpretations in detecting mass effect and vasogenic edema.

Materials and methods:

A retrospective standalone performance assessment was conducted on datasets of non-contrast CT head cases acquired between 2016 and 2022 for each finding. The cases were obtained from patients aged 18 years or older from five hospitals in the United States. The positive cases were selected consecutively based on the original clinical reports using natural language processing and manual confirmation. The negative cases were selected by taking the next negative case acquired from the same CT scanner after positive cases. Each case was interpreted independently by up to three neuroradiologists to establish consensus interpretations. Each case was then interpreted by the AI model for the presence of the relevant finding. The neuroradiologists were provided with the entire CT study. The AI model separately received thin (≤1.5mm) and/or thick (>1.5 and ≤5mm) axial series.


The two cohorts included 818 cases for mass effect and 310 cases for vasogenic edema. The AI model identified mass effect with sensitivity 96.6% (95% CI, 94.9-98.2) and specificity 89.8% (95% CI, 84.7-94.2) for the thin series, and 95.3% (95% CI, 93.5-96.8) and 93.1% (95% CI, 89.1-96.6) for the thick series. It identified vasogenic edema with sensitivity 90.2% (95% CI, 82.0-96.7) and specificity 93.5% (95% CI, 88.9-97.2) for the thin series, and 90.0% (95% CI, 84.0-96.0) and 95.5% (95% CI, 92.5-98.0) for the thick series. The corresponding areas under the curve were at least 0.980.


The assessed AI model accurately identified mass effect and vasogenic edema in this CT dataset. It could assist the clinical workflow by prioritizing interpretation of abnormal cases, which could benefit patients through earlier identification and subsequent treatment.

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